Pigeons are related to Middle East racing birds.
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A recent study has found that most modern day pigeons have descended from racing birds in the Middle East that escaped captivity. The research, which was recently published in the journal Science, was conducted using extensive DNA studies of the rock pigeon, which much of the world just calls “pigeon.”
In comparison to mammals and fish, little research has been done in regards to the genetic make-up of bird species. Despite this, Michael Shapiro, a principal author on the research and an assistant professor of biology at the University of Utah, believes learning more about birds through genetic studies is very important.